March 21, 2023

# Convert Binary to Decimal – Mastering JS Feb 11, 2022

A binary number is a number expressed in base-2, as opposed to conventional decimal numbers in base-10.

Below is a live calculator.

We also have a tool to convert decimal to binary.

## How the Calculator Works

Converting binary numbers to decimal is easy.
For example, `let x = '101010'` creates a new variable `x` that contains the number as a string `101010`.
JavaScript has a `parseInt()` method that takes a `binary` and `radix` parameter, and returns a number.
Calling `parseInt(binary, radix)` tells JavaScript to convert `binary` to a number containing the decimal representation of `101010`.
If `binary` is not a string, it will be converted to one using the `toString()` function.

``````let x = '101010';

parseInt(x, 2) ``````

The `toString()` method also handles non-integers and negative numbers. For example:

``````x = -101010
parseInt(x, 2);

x = 101010.101010;
parseInt(x, 2); ``````

## No Technology Method

How do you quickly convert `101010` to `42` without a computer?
It takes some practice to make it easy, but here’s a few ways to convert a binary string to a decimal number.
One method discussed is doubling, described below:

• Take the binary string.
• Starting from the left, double your previous total and add the current digit.
• Repeat the previous step until you have gone through the entire string.

Below is a JavaScript function that implements the above procedure:

``````function toDecimal(v) {
let binary = '';
if(typeof v == 'string') {
binary = v.split();
} else {
binary = v.toString().split();
}
let decimal = 0;
for(let i = 0; i < binary.length; i++) {
decimal = (decimal * 2) + binary[i];
}
return decimal;
}``````

Here’s what the procedure looks like with 101010:

1. 101010
2. 101010 => 0 + 1 == 1
3. 1 * 2 + 0 == 2
4. 2 * 2 + 1 == 5
5. 5 * 2 + 0 == 10
6. 10 * 2 + 1 == 21
7. 21 * 2 + 0 == 42

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